What are the different skin types and how to even out your complexion?

The skin, our largest organ, is as diverse as the people who wear it. Skin types vary based on several factors, including skin color, sensitivity, dryness, and propensity to sunburn . A uniform complexion, without imperfections or spots is often sought after. To achieve this, it is essential to understand the different skin types and adopt a suitable skincare routine. In this article, we will explore the various skin categories, their distinctive characteristics, and how to choose the appropriate makeup products to even out skin tone.

Why does your skin have an uneven complexion?

  1. Dry skin

Dry skin is characterized, in particular, by a lack of hydration and many factors can explain why these skin types have an uneven appearance.

  • Peeling and fine lines

Dry skin tends to be prone to flaking, which means it may have areas of dead skin that slough off. These skin particles can create texture irregularities, affecting the evenness of skin tone. Additionally, fine lines related to dehydration can also contribute to an uneven complexion.

  • Uneven absorption of products

Dry skin often has difficulty absorbing makeup products evenly, including foundation . Some areas of the skin may absorb more product than others, creating uneven areas of coverage and color. So be careful when applying tinted makeup!

  • Redness and irritation

Dry skin is often more prone to redness and irritation. These rednesses can create a contrast with the rest of the complexion, making the overall appearance of the skin un-evened.

  • Lack of shine

The reduction in hydration and the alteration of the skin barrier can cause people with dry skin to have a dull complexion.

  • Poor makeup

Dry skin sometimes has difficulty keeping makeup in place. Foundation may tend to fade or crack throughout the day, creating areas where the color is uneven.

  1. Oily skin

Unlike dry skin, oily skin is subject to overproduction of sebum which will cause several elements which will lead to an uneven complexion.

  • Excess sebum

Oily skin has higher sebum production, which can lead to oil buildup on the skin's surface. This can give a shiny appearance and contribute to clogged pores, causing irregularities in texture and color.


Excess sebum associated with oily skin can lead to clogged pores. When pores become clogged with sebum, blackheads, whiteheads and other imperfections can appear, affecting the evenness of skin tone.

  • Inflammatory reaction

Oily skin may be more susceptible to skin inflammation. Inflammatory reactions, whether caused by blemishes, allergies or other factors, can lead to redness and color variations.

  • Excessive shine

Excess oil can make the skin look shinier, which can affect the overall perception of evenness of skin tone.

  1. Mixed skin

Combination skin combines both dry and oily areas. It is essential to find a balance by using products suitable for both skin types. A foundation suitable for combination skin provides even coverage without accentuating dry or shiny areas.

  1. Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin often reacts to harsh chemicals. Opt for hypoallergenic and non-comedogenic foundations, specially designed to minimize the risk of irritation.

What skincare routine for an even complexion?

  1. Routine for dry skin
  • Gentle cleansing: Use a gentle, hydrating facial cleanser, preferably without alcohol or irritating ingredients. Avoid cleansers that can further dry out the skin. Apricot kernel oil is your friend!
  • Regular hydration: Use a rich, nourishing moisturizer . Opt for products with ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, ceramides, and peptides to help lock in moisture.
  • Gentle exfoliation: Use a gentle exfoliant, concentrated in glycolic acid or salicylic acid once or twice a week to remove dead skin cells. This promotes cell renewal and helps reveal a brighter complexion.
  • Hydrating Masks: Incorporate hydrating masks into your weekly routine to provide extra hydration to your skin. Masks made with ingredients like aloe, avocado oil, or shea butter may be beneficial.
  • Avoid sun exposure and apply daily sun protection: Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF appropriate for your dry skin type . Sun protection is crucial to avoid damage caused by UV rays, which can increase dryness of the skin.
  • Moisturizing Makeup: Choose makeup products that are hydrating and non -comedogenic . Avoid powdery products which can accentuate dryness. Liquid or cream foundations may be preferable.
  • Humidifier: Use a humidifier in your environment, especially during drier months or winter, to maintain ambient humidity that benefits your skin.

dry skin

2. Routine for oily skin

  • Regular cleansing: Use a gentle cleanser morning and evening to remove excess oil, impurities and dead skin cells. Choose soap-free and non-comedogenic products.
  • Exfoliation: Incorporate a salicylic acid-based exfoliant into your routine to remove dead skin cells, unblock pores and improve skin texture. This can help reduce skin irregularities.
  • Light Hydration: Even if you have oily skin, it's essential to use a lightweight, non-comedogenic moisturizer. Hydration helps maintain skin balance, strengthen the skin barrier and can even help regulate sebum production.
  • Using mattifying products: Choose makeup products and moisturizers that have mattifying properties to reduce shine and maintain a more even skin tone.
  • Daily sun protection: Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) appropriate for your skin type. This protects the skin from sun damage and can help prevent hyperpigmentation.
  • Suitable makeup: Use non-comedogenic, oil-free makeup products designed specifically for oily skin. Avoid excess makeup, as this can accentuate shine.
  • Targeted treatment of imperfections: If you have pimples or blackheads, use specific treatments such as gels or creams enriched with salicylic acid and glycolic acid.
3. Routine for combination skin

If you have combination skin with an uneven skin tone, meaning a combination of oily and dry areas, it's important to take a balanced approach to your skincare routine to address the specific needs of each area. Here are some tips to even out the complexion of combination skin:

  • Gentle cleansing: Use a gentle cleanser that does not excessively strip the skin's natural oils. Choose products suitable for both oily and dry areas of your face.
  • Regular exfoliation: Incorporate a gentle exfoliant into your routine once or twice a week to remove dead skin cells and promote a more even skin tone. Make sure the exfoliator is suitable for both oily and dry areas of your face.
  • Balanced hydration: Use a light moisturizer for oily areas and a richer moisturizer for dry areas. The objective is to hydrate all parts of the face without accentuating excessive shine on oily areas.
  • Daily sun protection: Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF appropriate for your skin type. Sun protection is crucial to preventing skin damage and hyperpigmentation.
  • Balanced makeup: Choose makeup products suitable for combination skin. Use non-comedogenic foundations and powders that control shine without drying out dry patches.
  • Shine Control: For oilier areas, use mattifying papers or absorbing powders to reduce shine throughout the day without affecting dry areas.
  • Specific Treatments: If you have specific issues like spots or age spots, use targeted products to treat those issues without worsening dryness or shine.
  • Deep Hydration: For dry areas, consider using a deep hydrating mask once or twice a week to restore hydration.
  • Avoid harsh products: Avoid products that are too harsh, as this can aggravate the specific problems in each area. Opt for gentle and balancing products.

Use a suitable foundation

Select a foundation based on your skin type and desired coverage. Liquid, powder, or cream foundations offer options for all tastes.

To camouflage imperfections, use a concealer suited to your skin color. Concealers can help reduce dark circles and redness .

Set your foundation with a loose powder for a long-lasting finish. Add a touch of blush for a radiant complexion.

Avoid lines by choosing makeup products that blend harmoniously with your skin tone. Make sure to blend the products well for a natural result.

In conclusion, an even skin tone depends on understanding your skin type and choosing makeup products wisely. Following a suitable skincare routine and selecting products according to your skin color will allow you to obtain a radiant and natural complexion. Whether you have dry, oily, dark or light skin, there are makeup and skincare options for every individual. So, explore, experiment and find the routine that best suits your skin, for a perfect complexion in all circumstances.