Fine lines and wrinkles | how to reduce them?

Mechanism causing fine lines and wrinkles on the face

Fine lines and wrinkles, these signs of skin aging, are the result of complex processes that take place within our skin. To understand these mechanisms, imagine your skin tissue as a thin canvas stretched over a frame. As time passes, this web is influenced by two main forces: the breakdown of collagen and the impact of free radicals.

Collagen is an essential protein that acts as a sort of “support net” for our skin. Its production naturally decreases with age, causing a loss of skin firmness and elasticity . This results in the appearance of deep wrinkles , especially around the eyes and mouth. Collagen loss is estimated at 1% per year after the age of 20.

On the other hand, free radicals, unstable molecules produced by external factors such as sun exposure, pollution and smoking, can damage skin cells. These free radicals cause oxidative stress which damages skin cells by reacting destructively with cellular components such as lipids, proteins and DNA. Fine lines and fine wrinkles are often the first visible signs of this oxidative stress, usually appearing on the forehead and around the eyes.

By understanding these physiological mechanisms, we can better understand the changes that naturally occur in our skin over time. These processes are an integral part of skin aging, but by taking steps to ensure your skin and cells are protected from UV rays and promoting collagen production, we can help maintain healthier, younger-looking skin.

Aging of the skin

Skin aging process (young skin vs mature skin, view of dermis and epidermis)

What factors accelerate skin aging?

Sun exposure is one of the main causes of premature skin aging. UV rays from the sun damage collagen and elastin fibers in the skin, leading to a loss of firmness and elasticity. Wrinkles, brown age spots and sagging skin are often the visible consequences of prolonged exposure to the sun without adequate protection. This is why it is crucial to apply sun protection with a broad spectrum screen every day, whatever the weather, to protect your skin from harmful sun radiation .


Smoking is another major factor that will accelerate skin aging . Chemicals in cigarette smoke restrict blood flow to the skin, depriving cells of essential nutrients and oxygen. As a result, smokers often experience dull skin, uneven skin tone, and more pronounced wrinkles. Quitting smoking can help improve skin health and slow the aging process.

Oxidative stress, caused by free radicals, is another factor that accelerates skin aging. Free radicals are unstable molecules produced in response to factors such as pollution, stress and exposure to environmental toxins. They destroy and damage skin cells, causing wrinkles, age spots and loss of firmness. Using skin care products rich in antioxidants can help neutralize free radicals and protect the skin.

In conclusion, skin aging can be influenced by factors such as sun exposure , smoking and oxidative stress. By taking steps to protect your skin against these aggressors and adopting a suitable skincare routine, you can help slow down the skin aging process and maintain healthy skin and a healthy glow.

plumping cream

How to fight against skin aging?

Loss of volume in the cheeks and facial contours is often responsible for skin sagging and the accentuation of fine lines and wrinkles, which requires specific approaches to anti-aging care.

There are many non-invasive approaches to combating the signs of aging and maintaining glowing skin. First of all, a balanced skincare routine and the use of relevant ingredients are essential. In addition, it is essential to moisturize the face, eyelids and neckline which have very thin epidermis.

Hyaluronic acid is a powerful moisturizer that helps retain moisture in the skin, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. This anti-aging active ingredient is a compound naturally present in our skin, our joints and our connective tissues. It plays an essential role in maintaining skin health as it notably has the ability to retain up to 1000 times its weight in water, making it essential for keeping the skin well hydrated. When applied as an anti-wrinkle cream or serum, it acts like a sponge by attracting and holding water in the skin cells, making it plump and hydrated.

Additionally, it has antioxidant properties that help protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals and it stimulates the production of collagen, a protein essential for skin firmness and elasticity.


Vitamins including vitamin C are valuable allies. Vitamin C, in this case, acts as an antioxidant that fights free radicals responsible for premature aging of the skin.

Vitamin C is also a valuable ally because it acts as a powerful antioxidant that fights free radicals responsible for premature aging of the skin. It neutralizes free radicals, thereby reducing damage caused by UV rays and pollution. In addition, it promotes the production of collagen, improving the elasticity and firmness of the skin, while reducing wrinkles and fine lines. Vitamin C also reduces dark spots and evens skin tone by inhibiting excessive melanin production. It has anti-inflammatory properties and soothes irritation. In short, vitamin C is an essential ally for healthy, luminous and rejuvenated skin.


Retinoids, derived from vitamin A, are also recommended to stimulate collagen production, thereby improving skin firmness and reducing age spots. They work by binding to nuclear receptors in skin cells, which regulate cell growth, differentiation and collagen production. This promotes cell renewal, reducing wrinkles, acne and age spots. Retinoids also stimulate the production of new skin cells, improving texture and tone. However, they may cause initial skin irritation, requiring gradual adaptation. So use them sparingly and with control!

Essential fatty acids, such as omega-3 and omega-6, also play a crucial role in maintaining skin elasticity, helping to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Likewise, peptides, tiny chains of amino acids, have become essential ingredients in anti-aging skincare products for all skin types due to their ability to stimulate collagen production, helping to reduce appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

In addition to topical products, professional treatments such as chemical peels and laser treatments can help improve skin texture and reduce wrinkles. However, these methods can be invasive and require a recovery period. Finally, cosmetic surgery, such as facelift or botox (botulinum toxin) injection, can offer spectacular results but involves surgery with considerable risks and costs.

For those seeking non-invasive alternatives to surgery, cosmetic treatments and skincare rich in active ingredients can be effective solutions. It is important to consult a dermatologist or skin health professional to determine the best approach based on your individual needs. Whatever you choose, the commitment to maintaining a consistent skincare routine and protecting your skin from environmental stressors, such as sun exposure and pollution, is essential to preventing premature skin aging and maintain radiant skin at any age. And above all, remember to hydrate!