How to recognize normal skin?

What are the different skin types?

Dry skin

Dry skin , also called xerosis or xerodema, lacks hydration and is not able to retain moisture. The epidermis , or top layer of skin, is designed to retain water to protect and hydrate your skin. If you have dry skin, this skin barrier loses moisture too quickly, leading to a lack of hydration and moisture in the skin. People with dry skin have rough, tight, flaky, or itchy skin. Skin conditions such as rosacea, eczema and psoriasis can also lead to excessively dry skin.

Oily skin

Oily skin produces excess sebum , an oil produced by the sebaceous glands in your pores that helps protect the skin. If you have oily skin, your skin often looks shiny or oily. Oily skin types are also more prone to acne because excess oil can clog pores. You probably struggle with shine, pimples, blackheads and comedones.

Mixed skin

Combination skin is both oily and dry. If you have combination skin, certain areas of your skin lose moisture too quickly and become dry. At the same time, other areas produce excess sebum and become oily. In general, oily skin is located on the T zone (forehead, nose and chin) and dry skin is located on the cheeks. As a result, people with combination skin may experience tight, rough, and flaky skin on their cheeks. They also have shiny, oily skin on their forehead, nose and chin.

Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin has a weakened skin barrier, leading to an itching, stinging or burning sensation, especially after contact with products. This skin type is not fully understood, but it is likely caused by certain climates, products, or underlying conditions that irritate the skin. If you have sensitive skin, you may experience redness , swelling, peeling skin, and rough areas of the skin after a skin reaction.

normal skin

What is normal skin?

Normal skin is skin that is neither too oily nor too dry . It has a perfect balance in terms of sebum production , which gives it a soft, smooth and uniform texture. Unlike oily skin, it does not present excessive shine or enlarged pores, and unlike dry skin, it does not present flaking or tightness.

How to recognize normal skin?

Normal skin is characterized by the following traits:

  1. Balanced texture: Normal skin has a smooth, even texture, without areas of excessive dryness or oiliness.

  2. Adequate hydration: It maintains an optimal level of hydration, which gives it a supple and radiant appearance.

  3. Absence of excessive shine: Unlike oily skin, it does not present areas of shine caused by excess sebum.

  4. Absence of flaking: Unlike dry skin, it does not show flaking or tightness due to a lack of hydration.

  5. Normal-sized pores: Pores in normal skin are generally inconspicuous and are not enlarged or clogged.


Caring for normal skin

Although normal skin does not require specific care like oily or dry skin, it is important to maintain its balance and health. Here are some tips for taking care of normal skin:

  1. Gentle cleansing: Use a gentle cleanser morning and evening to remove impurities and dead cells from the skin without disturbing its natural balance.

  2. Daily hydration: Apply a light moisturizer to maintain skin hydration and strengthen its protective barrier. Maintain the balance of the microbiome with treatments based on probiotics and prebiotics.

  3. Sun protection: Use sunscreen every day to protect your skin from external aggressions and prevent premature aging.

  4. Anti-aging skincare routine: Incorporate anti-aging products containing ingredients like hyaluronic acid and ceramides to prevent signs of skin aging.

  5. Avoid products that are too harsh: Avoid products that are too harsh or irritating that could disrupt the balance of your skin and cause problems.

What ingredients should you include in your beauty routine to have beautiful skin?

To care for normal skin, it is essential to use suitable cosmetic products that maintain the skin's natural balance while providing the necessary hydration.

  1. Ceramides: Ceramides are lipids naturally present in the skin that help maintain its protective barrier. By adding ceramides to skincare products, we can strengthen this barrier and maintain skin hydration.

  2. Peptides: Peptides are protein fragments that can help stimulate the production of collagen and elastin, promoting firmness and elasticity in the skin.

  3. N-Acetylglucosamine: This biomimetic ingredient is similar to the glucosamine molecule naturally found in the skin. It can help to gently exfoliate the skin, improve its texture and reduce the appearance of age spots.

  4. Phospholipids: Phospholipids are essential components of cell membranes. By using them in skincare products, we can help strengthen the skin barrier and protect the skin from external aggressions.

  5. Epidermal Growth Factors (EGF): EGFs are proteins that help regenerate and repair the skin. By incorporating them into skincare products, we can promote cell renewal and improve skin texture.

  6. Hyaluronic acid : it is a substance naturally present in the skin, known for its ability to retain moisture. It acts as a powerful hydrating agent by attracting and retaining water in the skin, helping to maintain its hydration and firmness. By promoting optimal hydration, hyaluronic acid helps smooth fine lines and wrinkles, giving skin a younger, plumper appearance. Additionally, it can help stimulate collagen production, improving skin firmness and elasticity. Finally, hyaluronic acid has soothing and anti-inflammatory properties, helping to calm skin irritations and reduce redness, making it a versatile ingredient for the care of all skin types

  7. Glycerin: Glycerin is a hydrating agent that helps draw water into the skin, keeping it hydrated and supple.

  8. Vitamin E: Vitamin E, also called tocopherol, is a powerful antioxidant that protects the skin from damage caused by free radicals and helps maintain its elasticity.

  9. Aloe vera: Aloe vera has soothing and hydrating properties, ideal for calming the skin and reducing possible irritation.

  10. Light natural oils (like jojoba oil or sweet almond oil): These oils are rich in essential fatty acids and vitamins, nourishing the skin without leaving a greasy residue.

  11. Niacinamide (vitamin B3): Niacinamide helps strengthen the skin barrier, reduce the appearance of pores and even out skin tone. It is known for its many benefits for the skin. By acting as a powerful antioxidant, it helps protect the skin against damage caused by free radicals and environmental aggressions.

  12. Panthenol (provitamin B5): Panthenol is a moisturizing and soothing agent that helps maintain skin hydration and reduce irritation.

  13. Green Tea Extract: This ingredient is rich in antioxidants, helping to protect skin from environmental damage and maintain its natural glow.

  14. Chamomile Extract: Chamomile has soothing and anti-inflammatory properties, ideal for calming the skin and reducing redness.