Facial scrub and exfoliator | when and how to do them?

Taking care of your skin is essential to maintaining beautiful skin and optimal skin health. Among the crucial steps in any beauty routine, facial exfoliation and the use of a facial exfoliant are practices that can make all the difference. These two actions eliminate dead cells, refine skin texture and stimulate cell renewal. In this article, we will explore the different steps to follow for a successful facial exfoliation, focusing on the specific needs of oily , dry and sensitive skin and tips for integrating these facial treatments into your beauty routine .

gentle exfoliant

Facial Scrub: A Crucial Step in the Beauty Routine

Facial scrub is a process that involves using exfoliating particles to remove impurities and dead cells from the surface of the skin. It is an important step in a beauty routine because it offers several benefits for the health and appearance of the skin. Here are some of the main functions of a facial scrub:

  • Removal of dead cells : Over time, skin cells die and build up on the surface, giving the skin a dull appearance. The facial scrub uses exfoliating particles to remove these dead cells, revealing fresher, more radiant skin.
  • Stimulation of cell renewal : By eliminating dead cells, the scrub encourages cell renewal, thus promoting the growth of new skin cells for an anti-aging action. This can help fade skin blemishes, dark spots, and mild scars.
  • Improvement in skin texture : Exfoliation helps refine skin texture by eliminating roughness and irregularities. It leaves the skin smoother and softer to the touch.
  • Preventing Clogged Pores : For people with skin prone to excess oil, facial scrub can help prevent clogged pores. This reduces the risk of blackheads, pimples, and other problems related to pore congestion.
  • Better absorption of skincare products : By removing the layer of dead cells, exfoliation allows subsequent skincare products, such as moisturizers and serums, to be better absorbed by the skin. This maximizes the effectiveness of other skincare products you apply afterwards.
  • Stimulates Blood Circulation : The circular motions used when applying the scrub help stimulate blood circulation in the area, which can help deliver more oxygen and nutrients to the skin cells.
  • Preparing the skin for other treatments : Facial exfoliation can be a preliminary step to other skin treatments, such as the application of masks or the use of anti-wrinkle products. By eliminating impurities, it allows these treatments to be more effective.

What is the difference between a facial scrub and exfoliant?

The terms "scrub" and "exfoliator" are often used interchangeably, but they generally refer to two types of skin care products with similar functions, although they differ slightly in their formulation and mode of action. Here are the main distinctions between a scrub and a facial exfoliant:

Face scrub :

  • Texture: Facial scrubs generally have a grainier texture and contain more visible exfoliating particles, such as grains, microbeads or seeds.
  • Mechanism of action: The action of the scrub is mainly based on the physical friction of the exfoliating particles against the skin. These particles work by mechanically removing dead cells and impurities from the skin's surface.
  • Use: Facial scrubs are often recommended once or twice a week. They are particularly effective in eliminating dead cells, refining skin texture and stimulating blood circulation.

Facial Exfoliant:

  • Texture: Facial scrubs may have a finer texture and be formulated with chemical or enzymatic ingredients rather than physical particles. They may contain alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) such as glycolic acid, beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) such as salicylic acid, or natural enzymes.
  • Mechanism of action: Unlike scrubs, exfoliants act mainly by chemical means. Acids or enzymes dissolve the bonds between dead skin cells, thus promoting their elimination.
  • Use: Exfoliants may be used more frequently than scrubs, depending on the formulation and skin needs. They are sometimes recommended once or twice a week, but some can be used daily, especially gentle exfoliants.

care adapted to each skin type

How to make a facial scrub?

First, choose a suitable scrub.

If you have oily skin, opt for a facial scrub specifically formulated for oily skin. Look for ingredients like salicylic acid, known for its exfoliating and acne-fighting properties. For dry skin, use gentle, hydrating scrubs concentrated in glycolic or lactic acid to remove dead cells from the skin's surface without compromising its skin barrier. As for sensitive skin, it requires gentle and delicate care, and this also applies to scrubs. Using an inappropriate scrub can cause irritation and redness, so choose treatments rich in hyaluronic acid and glycolic acid.

  1. Cleanse your face: Before applying the scrub, cleanse your face thoroughly to remove all traces of makeup, oil and impurities.
  2. Apply the scrub in circular motions: Distribute the scrub over your face using gentle circular motions. Pay particular attention to the T zone (forehead, nose, chin) where excess sebum is often concentrated.
  3. Avoid the eye area: This area is delicate and prone to irritation. Avoid applying the scrub to the eye area to prevent any adverse reactions.
  4. Rinse with lukewarm water: After exfoliating, rinse your face thoroughly with lukewarm water. This will help remove exfoliating particles and soothe the skin.

Facial Exfoliant : an anti-aging and anti-imperfection ally for all skin types

Unlike the facial scrub, the facial exfoliant acts more deeply by eliminating dead cells and stimulating cell renewal. It is a true anti-aging ally, helping to reduce wrinkles and reveal more radiant skin.

How to choose an exfoliant suitable for each skin type?

Dry skin: Opt for an exfoliant containing lactic acid, known for its hydrating power. This will help remove dead cells while preserving the skin's natural moisture.

Sensitive skin: Choose a gentle exfoliant made with natural enzymes such as papaya or pineapple. These ingredients provide gentle exfoliation without irritating sensitive skin.

Oily skin: Salicylic acid-based exfoliants are ideal for oily skin because they penetrate pores, remove excess oil and prevent acne.

exfoliating cleansing gel

Integrate the Facial Scrub and Exfoliant into your Beauty Routine

To achieve the best results, it is crucial to integrate the facial scrub and exfoliant into a coherent beauty routine, which then work in symbiosis with your moisturizer. Here's a step-by-step guide to getting the most out of these treatments.

Cleanse your face : Start by cleansing your face with a gentle cleanser. Make sure to remove all traces of makeup and impurities.

Apply the facial scrub: Once or twice a week, after cleansing, apply the facial scrub suited to your skin type. Massage gently in circular motions, then rinse thoroughly.

Use the exfoliant: Once or twice a week or daily, after cleansing or after exfoliation, apply the exfoliant, avoiding the eye area. Leave on according to product instructions, then rinse.

Apply a face mask: For a complete treatment, apply a face mask adapted to your needs. Moisturizing masks are suitable for dry skin, while clay-based masks are ideal for oily skin.

Continue the beauty routine adapted to each skin type with a serum, moisturizer and sun protection.

The beauty routine

A well-structured beauty routine follows several key steps to ensure the health and beauty of the skin. It all starts with cleaning. Choose a cleanser that suits your skin type, whether it's a gel, foam, milk or oil. Use it morning and evening to effectively remove impurities, makeup and excess sebum.

Next, dive into the exfoliation step. This ritual removes dead skin cells, revealing a smooth and renewed texture. Opt for a scrub adapted to your skin type, whether based on natural exfoliating grains, gentle acids or enzymes.